HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)
HPV is a virus which is very common. It is transmitted through unprotected vaginal, oral and anal sex. HPV can cause warts, cervical cancer and anal cancer. There is an effective vaccine for HPV which can protect against some strains of it.
You can get HPV through skin to skin contact. There are many different types of the virus. Some types cause visible genital warts, other types can cause cell changes that can lead to cervical and anal cancer. HPV is very common. If you have had sex you will have most likely been exposed to HPV. Condoms are not completely effective in preventing HPV.
Some types of HPV cause visible genital or anal warts, but not all people have symptoms. Other types of HPV do not have visible signs. In women HPV can cause changes to the cells in the cervix. It is important that women living with HIV get a Pap test every year to detect and treat any changes early.
Gonorrhoea is a bacterial STI, that is curable with antibiotics . It is transmitted by contact with body fluids (eg. semen, vaginal fluids) Gonorrhoea infections can occur in the urethra, cervix, anus, throat, and eyes. Using condoms can reduce your chances of being infected with Gonorrhoea.
Gonorrhoea is a bacterial STI which can be spread through unprotected oral, vaginal or anal sex with someone who has gonorrhoea.
Not everyone with gonorrhoea will have symptoms. For woman symptoms can include pain when weeing, an unusual discharge from the vagina and/ or unusual bleeding from the vagina. For men symptoms can include a discharge from the penis, pain or irritation when weeing and redness at the tip of the penis. Gonorrhoea can still be passed on even if there are no symptoms.
Herpes is an STI which is transmitted via skin to skin contact and is caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus. There are two types of herpes simplex viruses HSV1 and HSV2. HSV1 usually appears as cold sores around the mouth and HSV2 can appear as sores around the genital area. It is important to know, that while less common, you can also get HSV1 on the genital area and HSV2 around the mouth.
You can get herpes through skin to skin contact. It is not passed on during everyday contact like shaking hands. It is passed on by skin to skin contact during close personal contact such as during mutual masturbation, oral, vaginal or anal sex. Herpes can be spread even when the partner does not have any symptoms or signs and may not even know they have the herpes virus.
Not everyone who has herpes will have symptoms. People can have the herpes virus and not know. If someone does have symptoms they can include tingling, itching and blisters around the infected area (eg, mouth, genitals or anal area) and it is important to see a doctor and have a check. There is treatment for herpes that can reduce the symptoms and the likelihood of passing it on to another person.
Chlamydia is a STI which is a bacterial STI, that is curable with antibiotics. It is transmitted by contact with body fluids (eg. semen, vaginal fluids) Chlamydia infections can occur in the urethra, cervix, anus, throat, and eyes. Using condoms can reduce your chances of being infected with Chlamydia.
You can get Chlamydia by having unprotected oral, vaginal or anal sex with someone who has chlamydia. Through the sharing of body fluids during unprotected sex chlamydia can be passed from one person to another.
Chlamydia does not always have symptoms. If women get symptoms they can include pain when weeing, bleeding during or after sex or in between periods and an unusual discharge from the vagina. Symptoms for men can include pain when weeing and an a discharge from the penis.
Use condoms correctly
Using condoms correctly is the best way to prevent against STIs such as Chlamydia and unwanted pregnancy. Condoms are available for males and females; with the male condom being more common.